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Monday, August 28, 2006


PowerShell Adding -verbose switch to functions

*Remark* this is a post to test Live Writer so it will change a couple of times. (*Edit 5 *for now it looks good I can edit my posts without losing formatting, and offline)

*Edit 2*  there will be some double posts for testing, I will remove those later (this link will stay others will be removed)

In the last post you did see that I used the verbose-switch

here I will show an example on how to set this for the function itself, or to use the preference variables to set this:

*Edit* note that all the Write Messages do not get passed to the pipeline so only will display on the host.

*see this examples in normal text look if pipeline chars do stay

PoSH>$test = "pipeline" ; write-host "Host"


PoSH>1,2 |% {out-host "pipeline $_" ; write-host "Host $_"}
Host 1
Host 2

PoSH>1,2 |% {"pipeline $_" ; write-host "Host $_"}
pipeline 1
Host 1
pipeline 2
Host 2

PoSH>1,2 |% {"pipeline $_" ; write-host "Host $_"} |% {"second foreach : $_"}
second foreach : pipeline 1
Host 1
second foreach : pipeline 2
Host 2


*End Edit*


In the former examples you could see what is the difference between outputting to the host and to the pipeline, the last example shows that in the second foreach there is only the output from out-object (out-object is used by default if you just put a string on a line as I did in the example)  

an example how to add a switch to a funtion, so you can override it for a function like you can with a CMDlet :


# WriteExample.ps1
# add a verbose switch to a PowerShell Function

param ([switch]$Verbose)

# Check verbose Switch

if ($verbose.IsPresent) {
  $VerbosePreference = 'Continue'
  Write-Verbose "Verbose Mode Enabled"
Else {
  $VerbosePreference = 'SilentlyContinue'

# Rest of script

write-host "only Host output"
write-verbose "only Host output verbose mode"
write-warning "Warning only host"
write-error "error, will raise error"

now you can change the behavior by setting the preference in the $global scope or overrule it on a Function base this like this :

 *Edit 4 *Note that the -verbose switch will set it only for the script it leaves the global setting alone

# Examples working with the different preferences


only Host output
WARNING: Warning only host
C:\PowerShell\WriteExample.ps1 : error, will raise error
At line:1 char:19
+ .\WriteExample.ps1  <<<<

# verbose

PoSH>\WriteExample.ps1 -v
VERBOSE: Verbose Mode Enabled
only Host output
VERBOSE: only Host output verbose mode
WARNING: Warning only host
C:\PowerShell\WriteExample.ps1 : error, will raise error
At line:1 char:19
+ .\WriteExample.ps1  <<<< -v

# changing also warning and error preference

PoSH>$ErrorActionPreference = 'SilentlyContinue'
PoSH>$WarningPreference = 'SilentlyContinue'
only Host output
PoSH>.\WriteExample.ps1 -v
VERBOSE: Verbose Mode Enabled
only Host output
VERBOSE: only Host output verbose mode


Greetings, /\/\o\/\/
Tags : Monad msh PowerShell

Anonymous Anonymous
Random question- With E2K7, exmerge goes away. We were trying to figure out a way to get items from the dumpster the same way we did with exmerge but can't. I looked at the “Export-Mailbox” cmdlet but it doesn't seem to have that parameter. I emailed the scripting guys and a few powershell folks but haven't gotten a response. Let me know if you think that this is possible with PowerShell. Sorry for the random posting
Blogger /\/\o\/\/
Sorry, can't help you with this one,

I did not work with Exchange 2007 Yet.

Greetings /\/\o\/\/
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